Open Hive Day – June 10th
Diane Blais, Androscoggin Beekeepers Club member, will be opening her hives for us on June 10th at 10:00 a.m. Come, watch and learn!
Bring your veil, gloves, and your curiosity.
Diane is located at: 353 Randall Rd., Lewiston, ME Her phone is 207-576-7998 if you have questions.
The next meeting of the Androscoggin Beekeepers Club (ABC) will be held Wednesday, May 10th, Club business will be conducted from 6:30 PM to 7:00 PM followed by the presentation. The meeting will be held at the vestry building of the West Auburn Congregational Church, 811 West Auburn Rd, Auburn, ME 04210. All are welcome. For more information about the Androscoggin Beekeepers Club, please visit our website at http://androscogginbeekeepers.org.
David Spicer, VP of the Maine State Beekeepers Association, President of the Knox/Lincoln Beekeepers and co-owner of Spicer Bees will be visiting us.
David and his wife Susan are an educational resource for beekeepers across Maine but especially to those in the mid-coast area. Come with questions and a desire to learn more about how we can best manage our local hives.
[207 549-480, firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Stay tuned! This is the last official meeting of the season. Open Hive events will be planned and posted.
Androscoggin Beekeepers Club
April 2017 Meeting Announcement
The next meeting of the Androscoggin Beekeepers Club (ABC) will be held Wednesday, April 12th, Club business will be conducted from 6:30 PM to 7:00 PM followed by the presentation. The meeting will be held at the vestry building of the West Auburn Congregational Church, 811 West Auburn Rd, Auburn, ME 04210. All are welcome. For more information about the Androscoggin Beekeepers Club, please visit our website at http://androscogginbeekeepers.org.
Elissa Ballman will be speaking on Pesticide Exposure to Honey Bees in Maine
Volunteer bee keepers across the state collected pollen for a pesticide analysis in a University of Maine study. Twenty seven volunteers from every county in Maine were represented in this study. The pollen was screened for 192 different pesticides by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Twenty five pesticides were detected with an average of 2.9 detections per site. Findings were further analyzed by landscape type including blueberry agriculture, other agriculture, and non-agriculture, as well as by pesticide type.
Elissa Ballman grew up in Texas and obtained her Bachelor of Science from St. Edward’s University in Austin where she studied ground nesting wasps and invasive ants. She received her Master of Science in Entomology from the University of California-Riverside where she studied vibrational communication in sharpshooters. Since 2012 she has worked for the University of Maine as a research associate primarily studying invasive species and insects associated with blueberry. She spends her free time gardening and playing roller derby.Upcoming Meetings:
- May 10th: David Spicer, President, Knox-Lincoln Beekeepers. Master bee-keeper and co-owner of Spicer Bees, a firm founded when Rick Cooper retired, to offer his same services to the mid-coast and central Maine. Topic TBA, but David was the organizer of the MSBA conferences for the last two years. http://spicerbees.com/ [207 549-5480, email@example.com ]
Sonya Sampson ABC Vice President
Thanks to Mary Jane Dillingham for these great pictures from the ABC June 2015 hive opening at club president Bill Hiss’ apiary. The day way beautiful and turn out for the opening was great.
Notice the eggs in this frame below.
Bringing in nectar on new comb.
A good queen laying pattern.
Look at the honey!
The bees were covering up the drone comb with honey comb.
These queen cells were chewed open. It looks like the hive probably swarmed or was superceded. A lot of drone comb too!.
Beautiful spring honey.
These girls are filling every space that they can.
At the May Meeting, several club members asked about possible sources for more bees this Spring/Summer. We were contacted by someone at Stone Corner Farm in New Sharon, Maine about hives and nucs for sale. None of the regular club members have experience with bees from Stone Corner Farm, but we wanted to pass this along for interested members. Here’s the message we received:
Nuc’s for sale for mid June pick up. $140 with a $35 box deposit which you get back when you return the nuc box.
Hives for sale – top, bottom board and 1 deep and the bees and queen. $225.
Also used equipment including: deeps with frames, supers, bottom boards, candy boards, shims, tops, inner covers.
All of our hives have been inspected by Tony Jadzack.
email: firstname.lastname@example.org or call (207) 491-1731 for more information.
Here is a recap of some of the tips and information provided by Karen Thurlow-Kimball in her excellent presentation to the Androscoggin Beekeeper’s Club from November 12, 2014.
Reasons to Re-queen a hive:
- Queen has a depleted supply of viable sperm.
- Beekeeper wants to change the race of bees (e.g. European, Caucasian, Carniolan, Russian, Buckfast and Minnesota Hygienic).
Fun Aside: The journal article “Gramacho, K. P., and L. S. Gonçalves. 2009. Sequential hygienic behavior in carniolan honey bees (apis mellifera carnica). Genetics and molecular research : GMR 8, (2): 655-663.” does a nice job of describing hygienic behavior and how it is “considered the primary defense of honey bees against American foulbrood, European foulbrood, chalkbrood, and Varroa infestations”.
- Queen is infected with European foulbrood.
- Can reduce swarm impulse by creating a break in the brood cycle.
- Queen is physically damaged.
- Sometimes you have no choice (i.e. the hive is queenless, the hive has a virgin queen that is too old to be fertilized).
Many options for re-queening a hive:
- Introduce a mated queen to the hive
- Introduce a young, virgin queen that will (you hope) get mated and begin laying in your hive
- Introduce queen cells
- Allow hive to raise a queen from fertilized eggs within the hive (i.e. a “walk away split”)
Fun Fact: If you introduce a mated queen using a queen cage with a candy plug and the the hive bees are not eating out the candy plug, there is probably another queen (or queen cell(s)) in the hive!
The practical results of re-queening with a mated queen versus generating a queen from a walk away split:
Karen notes that it will take a minimum of 24-28 days before a mated queen introduced to the hive will result in the emergence of new bees. Time required to produce new bees from either a virgin queen, a queen cell or production of a queen from fertilized eggs is approximately 31 days, 37 days or 49 days, respectively. This will factor into your choice of re-queening method.
- A good laying queen can lay between 1,200 – 2,800 eggs per day.
- About 21 egg laying days are lost to a hive with a queen produced in a walk away split versus a hive re-queened with a mated queen (i.e. [49 days before a queen produced in a walk away split produces new bees] – [28 days before emergence of new bees from introduction of a mated queen] = 21 days).
- Assuming that 1,200 eggs laid over 21 days results in the emergence of a baby bee, the hive re-queened with a mated queen would have ~25,000 more new bees than the hive re-queened as a walk away split.
- A 3 pound package of bees with a mated queen contains about 12,000 bees and costs approximately $110.
- A mated queen costs approximately $25.
- So 12,000 worker bees/drones costs approximately $110 – $25 = $85.
- You are paying about $85 / 3 pounds = $28 per pound of bees.
- If 12,000 bees are ~ 3 pounds, then 25,000 bees are ~6.25 pounds of bees.
- By introducing a $25 mated queen into your hive instead of waiting for the hive to produce a queen, you produced (~6.25 pounds of bees) x $28/pound = $175 worth of bees!
Tips for finding your queen:
- Look on a sunny day
- Look on a day with good nectar flow when most of the field bees will be out
- Don’t use smoke, as this can induce the queen to run around in the hive. Use a spray bottle of water to move the bees.
- Make things easier for yourself and mark your queen.
Karen’s choice for best time to re-queen:
Re-queen just after the summer solstice (i.e. June 21st for 2015). Karen believes this will result in a smaller chance of swarming the year following re-queening as you are going into winter with a young queen.
There are some interesting things going on in hives around Maine in early summer 2014.
We have seen evidence of a lot of hives that have recently swarmed. The queen cell below recently opened, and the hive has capped brood, but no eggs or young larvae. It is likely that a new queen has emerged below, but hasn’t yet mated or started laying eggs. In a week, there should be brood. Some good insurance would be to add a frame with eggs or open brood from another hive, just in case the virgin queen doesn’t return from her mating flight.
We have seen a lot of girls emerge.
And frames are full of honey and pollen. (Pollen below.)
Sometimes though, there are problems. One package lost its queen early on. The workers didn’t have an egg to raise an emergency queen, so one or more workers started laying eggs. Laying workers are a problem. The worker bees were never inseminated, so they can only lay unfertilized eggs (that become drones). They also don’t have a good laying pattern and will =often (usually) put multiple eggs in a single cell. Pictures below show only drone brood and multiple eggs in the many cells. Michael Bush has some good ideas on trying to solve this problem at this LINK.
We were privileged to have Carol Cottrill give a presentation on Spring management and swarm prevention. Carol introduced basic biological reasons that bees swarm and described several of the steps that can be used to reduce the probability of swarming, and general good practices. The talk was organized, and Carol’s enthusiasm was infectious.
Carol spent considerable time describing methods to maximize honey production. An idea that was new to many members of the club was taht of placing an additional entrance between the brood boxes and the supers to reduce congestion in the hive and make it easier for field bees to fill the supers.
Carol also described methods for adding supers. When adding additional supers to the top of the hive during a nectar flow, it is important to put at least one frame with some honey in the new super (position 3 or 8) to “bait” the bees to start working it. This approach has the advantage that the queen is unlikely to move up into the supers (past the honey barrier) and enter the supers. After the bees start filling the first super, an alternative approach is to place a new super in between the brood box and the partially filled super. No honey needs to be added to this super because the top super will draw the bees up. Carol mentioned that as the season goes on and the bees start capping the honey, that the capped honey should be moved to the outside frame positions of the box and unfilled or partially filled frames should be placed in the center.
Another great tip for increasing honey production was the idea that placing 2-3 supers on at the start of a good honey flow can increase honey production. According to Carol, the increased internal hive volume makes evaporation of excess water from the ripening nectar/honey more efficient. Also, during a good flow, those supers can fill up pretty fast. So having enough space for the bee to put all of that nectar is always a plus!
Carol graciously shared her expertise and answered MANY audience questions. It was a very lively and engaging presentation. We hope that she will return!